Types

There are several varieties of oseophageal cancer and gastric cancer. Both types of cancer also have their own symptoms. Please follow one of the links below to read more:

 

Types of Oseophageal Cancer

Cancer of the oesophagus (gullet) can occur anywhere along the length of the oesophagus. There are two main types of oesophageal cancer and they require different approaches to treatment:

  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  • Adenocarcinoma

Squamous Cell Cancers occur more commonly in the upper and middle regions. Adenocarcinoma is becoming more common and tends to occur at the lower end including the junction where the oesophagus joins the stomach.

There are also rarer types of cancer of the oesophagus including soft tissue sarcomas such as Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumours (GISTs). The tests and treatments for these rarer types of cancer are different from those used to treat common OG cancers.

For more information on the different types of osephageal cancer, please follow this link.

 

Symptoms of Oseophageal Cancer

There are a number of signs and symptoms that may indicate oesophageal cancer including:

  • Difficulty swallowing (Dysphagia)
  • Pain when swallowing
  • Weight loss
  • Vomiting (being sick) or bringing food back up that hasn’t yet entered the stomach (regurgitation)
  • Pain or discomfort behind the breastbone or in the back
  • Indigestion or heartburn that doesn’t go away
  • A cough
  • Hoarseness – this happens when there is pressure on the nerve that supplies the voice box

These symptoms can be caused by conditions other than cancer but if they have not gone away after a couple of weeks, the patient should contact their GP.

 

Types of Gastric Cancer

Adenocarcinoma is the most common type of Gastric (Stomach) Cancer. It affects the cells of the stomach lining.

There are a number of rarer types of cancer that can occur in the stomach. The tests and treatments for these are different from those mentioned in this website.

These include:

  • Soft tissue sarcomas: Common Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumours (GISTS).
  • Lymphomas: this affects the lymphoid tissue
  • Carcinoid tumours

For more information on the different types of gastric cancer, please follow this link.  

 

Symptoms of Gastric Cancer

There are a number of symptoms that may indicate Gastric (stomach) cancer including:

  • Heartburn or indigestion that doesn’t go away
  • Burping a lot
  • Loss of appetite
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Weight loss
  • Feeling bloated during and after eating
  • Feeling sick (nausea) or being sick (vomiting)
  • Blood in the stools (bowel motion) or black stools
  • Tiredness (fatigue) or feeling short of breath due to anaemia (a reduced number of red blood cells in the blood)